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Gallery of Polish Masters - 14. Chamber situations. Interiors

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14. Chamber situations. Interiors

This small section, as far as the number of works is concerned, is an introduction to the exposition of still life. It includes both genre scenes, set in specific interiors, and interesting framed fragments of mysterious flats, probably the artists’ studios. All the works exhibited here have a very personal, intimate atmosphere, often with a certain imagery or message.
The review of this room starts with a genre composition painted by Stanisław Lentz, ambiguously titled Misunderstanding or Scene at Dawn. The painting was created in the period when this popular illustrator and caricaturist was working for the Warsaw magazines “Kłosy”, “Tygodnik Ilustrowany” and “Kurier Codzienny” in the 1880’s. He drew for them some scenes from the lives of Warsaw residents, and perhaps one of these observed stories was a pretext to the creation of the oil painting which we can see today in the Gallery of Polish Masters. The work is characterised by an honest and realistic technique. It also reveals the influence of the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich from which the artist had graduated shortly before this painting was created.
The mood of mysticism and contemplation permeates the subsequent view of an interior, which this time is a church. The painting titled Altar with a Crucifix - Queen Jadwiga at the Wawel Cathedral by Leon Wyczółkowski is a colouristically sophisticated pastel showing the author’s fascination with Cracow’s historical monuments. The choice of this particular interior had a patriotic character – in the Young Poland period the Wawel hill rose to the rank of the national Acropolis, a place which was special for Poles, where history is inextricably linked with religion.
It is impossible to remain indifferent when facing another painting presented in this section, a large-format composition Dancers Resting, painted by Irena Jasińska-Dybowska. Although it was created in 1929, this work rather indicates the inspiration of the Baroque era. The artist used strong light and shade contrasts and monumentalised the composition. It should also be noted that that Dancers Resting is another genuine rarity for collectors, as oil paintings by this artist, popular for her graphic works in the interwar period, are very rare on the art market today.
Some other interesting painting and compositional effects can be observed in the two works bringing this section to a close: the Post-Impressionist Interior of a Room painted by Zygmunt Schreter and an enchanting miniature by Alfons Karpiński. Fragment of an Elegant Room with a Still Life combines two artistic genres: a genre scene in an interior and a still life.    

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